Operads And The Tree Of Life

The author's conclusion is this: "And so, phylogenetic trees turn out to be related to coproducts of operads. Who'd have thought it? But we ... In mathematics, an operad is concerned with prototypical algebras that model properties such or Poisson algebras by modeling computational trees within the algebra.

The most important is the 'tree of life' relating all organisms that have ever lived on Earth. Darwin drew this sketch of it in 1837: He wrote .... This formalizes the way operations can be drawn as trees. By now operads are a standard tool, not just in topology, but also in algebraic ...